Eighty years on. 2nd September 1940


Four Luftwaffe raids flew up the Thames Estuary to bomb airfields in the Southeast of England.  The RAF was better able to cope using Air Vice-Marshall Keith Park’s strategy to attack the massed bombers before they split up.  Damage to airfields was consequently reduced, but Detling & Hornchurch are still bombed and Eastchurch was put out of action indefinitely. Aircraft factories at Rochester and Weybridge were also bombed.  The RAF shot down 27 German fighters and 10 bombers.  Anti-aircraft guns accounted for 1 Bf109 and 3 more bombers.   The RAF lost 20 fighters with 10 pilots killed.

Czech pilot Josef František scored his first kill, a Bf 109E.

Overnight, there was widespread bombing of towns in the Midlands, including Liverpool, Manchester and Sheffield.

200 miles west of the Isle of Lewis U-47 sank the Belgian passenger and freight ship Ville de Mons, carrying 4,378 tons of general cargo, 1,280 boxes of pears, 648 tons of corn and 536 tons of wheat from New York with 4 torpedoes.   Later U-46 sank the British SS Thornlea 200 miles north-west of Ireland.

U-58 left her base in the French port of Lorient in the Bay of Biscay, and was attacked 30 miles out by the British submarine HMS Tigris, but all the torpedoes missed.  The British submarine HMS Sturgeon sank the German SS Pionier off Skagen, Denmark.  Pionier was carrying up to 1000 German troops, supplies and equipment from Frederikshavn, Denmark, to Frederiksstad, Norway.

The German armed merchant cruiser Widder sank the British tanker Cymbeline with her deck gun and a torpedo in the Central Atlantic 800 miles west of the Canary Islands.  

The battleship HMS Valiant and the aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious joined Admiral Cunningham’s task force in the Mediterranean.

U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull and British Ambassador Lord Lothian exchanged notes concluding an agreement to trade old American destroyers for 99-year leases on British bases. (Author’s note:  I wonder if the bases will be returned to British ownership when the leases expire.  q.v.Hong Kong.)

Game day 368

No progress has been made on the game.  The weather has been so fine and warm that I have spent a lot of time helping with bush-cutting and bramble-shearing at my wife’s stable yard.  Everything else has taken a back seat this weekend.

I expect to conclude the data for South America tomorrow.

Meanwhile, here are a few views of what has diverted me from the one true hobby.

The stable yard. I try to keep the weeds under control as well as feeding and watering horses daily.
A view to the west along the Berkshire/Hampshire boundary. The hills in the distance are the site of the First Battle of Newbury. 20th September 1643.
Sunset over Greenham Common. The former USAF air base and site of massive anti-nuclear protests in the 1980s. Now largely returned to its pre-1940 state as common land for cattle grazing and public recreation.

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General Whiskers

Wargaming butterfly (mainly solo), unpainted model figure amasser, and Historical Re-enactor of the black powder era.

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